Top 10 rarest beautiful flowers in the world

Improve your general knowledge by finding out more about the rarest flowers on the Globe. Here we present you ten of the most beautiful and rare flowers on the planet. All of them are under law protection.

10. Ghost Orchid

Not only rare but fascinating, the Ghost Orchid is a plant that was presumed to be wiped out for almost 20 years and only recently materialized again. The plant is so rare because it is near-impossible to propagate. It has no leaves and does not use photosynthesis to manufacture its own food. The Ghost Orchid can live subversive for years and is only found in forests in Cuba, and another diversity, in Florida. The flowers emit perfumed odors and bloom between the months of June and August.


9. Campion

The Campion, or Silene tomentosa, was initially considered to be an extinct species of flower by the scientific community in 1992. However, this was not quite the case. In 1994 a most fortuitous event occurred for Campion enthusiasts around the world. A hiker, working through the rugged and imposing cliffs of Gibraltar, stumbled upon a single Campion specimen. From here, the fate of one of the rarest flowers ever was drastically altered. Below is an image of the Red Campion in the wild.

8. Kadupul Flower

While the Kadupul Flower, otherwise referred to as Epiphyllum oxypetalum, is not on the brink of extinction, it is rare for an entirely different reason. This flower can be found only in the forests of Sri Lanka and blooms only during the nighttime hours. This blooming is exceedingly rare and is properly viewed only under the most specific of circumstances. Once the blooming process is complete, the flower withers before the approach of dawn. Why this process occurs is unknown to botanists.

7. Parrot’s Beak

The Lotus berthelotii, or Parrot’s Beak, is one of the more stunning additions to this list. With a long stalk that has several flowers attached to it, few plants showcase the beauty of this offering. Each flower resembles the curvature of a parrot’s beak, giving the flower its unique name. The coloring of the petals is often a dark orange, with tints of red at the tips an yellow at the base.

6. Chocolate Cosmos

Also referred to as the Cosmos atrosanguineus, the Chocolate Cosmos is an interesting and rare flower. This offering is no longer found in the natural world. Once, the plant was indigenous to many areas in Mexico. However, wild variations of the flower went extinct at the turn of the 20th century. Thankfully, the Chocolate Cosmos was preserved in captivity and saved from joining a long line of extinct flowers.

5. Youtan Poluo

The Youtan Poluo, which has not been ascribed a scientific name, has a unique and mystifying set of origin stories. One story recounts the tale of a Chinese farmer, known only as Mr. Ding, who found this plant growing in a steel pipe on his property. Likewise, a nun named Lushan found a specimen growing in the dark recesses beneath her washing machine. While these initial encounters in modern times are intriguing, the past also takes note of the Youtan Poluo which is picture below.

4. Yellow and Purple Lady Slippers

As far as unique and rare offerings go, few flowers can match the Yellow and Purple Lady Slippers, also known as Cypripedium calceolus. This member of the orchid family has an odd and intriguing history attached to it. Initially Yellow and Purple Lady Slippers were found across almost all of Europe and the United Kingdom as well. However, shifts in populations, changes in the environment, and a weak approach to adaptation in general forced this flower to the brink of extinction.

 

 

3. Jade Vine

Located exclusively in the Philippines, the Jade Vine, otherwise known as Strongylodon macrobotrys, is a beautiful and rare specimen. The physical characteristics of this plant can be described as delicate and fascinating. The woody vine is covered in claw shaped flowers, giving it a unique look. These claw-like outcroppings sprout from hanging trusses and can grow up to three meters in length. The coloring of the flowers varies between a shade of mint green and a blue green tint.

 

2. Corpse Flower
The Corpse Flower is an oddity, even among its rare flower brethren. Also known as the Rafflesia arnoldii in scientific terms, this plant is found only in low lying rainforests that are scattered across the various islands of Indonesia. What makes this plant so intriguing is that its survival is based off of the existence of another species of plant altogether. Without the Tetrastigma Vine, the Corpse Flower would have been pushed out of existence long ago.

1. Middlemist Red

Few flowers can compare to the rarity of the Middlemist Red or Middlemist’s Red. Also known as the Middlemist camellia, this flower was once indigenous to several regions in China. However, time and the expansion of the industrial world have altered this plant to the point of a severe decline in its population. How severe is this decline? Only two are left in the entire world. Below is an image of this extremely rare flower.

Improve your general knowledge by finding out more about the rarest flowers on the Globe. Here we present you ten of the most beautiful and rare flowers on the planet. All of them are under law protection.

 

 

Top 10 most popular hotels in the world

If you are curious about how do the richest people in the world spend their vacations, here we present you ten of the most popular hotels and resorts in the world, also the most luxurious and expensive. Everybody dreams about spending time in this places that look like Heaven.

10. Taj Lake Palace, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

The Taj is an 18th century palace situated on a manmade island in Lake Picola with a view of the Maharaja’s palace. Opulence and extravagance abound here with endless courtyards and corridors, stone inlay, gilt moldings and mirror. The many exclusive rooms and suites boast mosaics, stained-glass windows, silk bolsters and hand painted motifs.

 

9. Hotel Plaza Athenee, Paris, France

Built in 1911, with a view of the Eiffel Tower, this opulent luxury hotel is frequently named as France’s best. The rooms are overflowing with Art Deco, Regency and Louis XVI furnishings. The cuisine is out of this world thanks to world famous chef Alain Ducasse’s French restaurant featuring a 35,000-bottle wine cellar (ask for a private wine tasting).

 

8. The Venetian Resort and Casino, Las Vegas, United States

Towering above Las Vegas in shimmering white, the Venetian Resort and Casino is an outstanding hotel in a city famous for its outstanding hotels. Part hotel, part amusement park/fantasy world – the Venetian is one experience you will not soon forget. Features include the quarter mile long Grand Canal waterway complete with gondola rides and performances along the walkway, the 70,000 square foot Canyon Ranch spa, a 120,000 foot casino, the Grand Canal shopping center with 80 world class boutiques, Madam Tussaud’s famous wax museum, and entertainment by world class acts.

 

7. Le Sirenuse, Positano, Italy

Le Sirenuse, is a fabulously restored 18th-century villa with museum-quality antiques and hand-painted ceramic-tile floors. The 63-room hotel features an alfresco champagne-and-oyster bar, Aveda spa, and a small fleet of vintage wooden speedboats for sightseeing up and down the spectacular Amalfi coastline. Five-hundred candles are lit each night in its romantic restaurant overlooking the tiled dome of the town’s Renaissance church.

 

6. Trump International Hotel & Tower, New York, United States

Designed by Philip Johnson and Costas Kondyli, this super modern 52-story high rise is a Forbes five-star hotel with style to spare. Huge floor to ceiling windows provide an incredible view of Central Park. Features a five star French fusion restaurant on the main floor.

 

5. Mandarin Oriental, Hong Kong, China

The 130 year old Mandarin Oriental provides the perfect balance between East and West. High-tech wizardry next to old world charm and ambience. The floor-to-ceiling windows provide a stunning view of Victoria Harbor. The hotel prides itself on incredible service and even better food – wonderful modern French cuisine at the Pierre and legendary breakfast buffets.

4. Jumeirah Beach Hotel, Dubai

All the hotel’s 617 rooms, suites and villas are luxuriously furnished and provide spectacular views of the Arabian Gulf. And once you’ve finished taking in the view, you can choose from the widest array of leisure facilities around, including a scuba diving centre, five swimming pools, Sinbad’s Kids Club, The Hub for teens and complimentary, unlimited access to the Wild Wadi Water Park.

 

3. El Burj Al Arab, Dubai

Burj Al Arab is a luxury hotel located in Dubai,United Arab Emirates. At 321 m (1,053 ft), it is the fourth tallest hotel in the world. Burj Al Arab stands on an artificial island 280 m (920 ft) from Jumeirah beach and is connected to the mainland by a private curving bridge. The shape of the structure is designed to mimic the sail of a ship. Sometimes referred to as “the world’s only 7-Star hotel”, its star rating is disputed.


2. Cape Grace, South Africa

Situated in V & A Waterfront, Cape Grace Hotel & Spa is the perfect place to experience Cape Town and its surroundings. The hotel lies 0.5 km from the city center and provides accessibility to important town facilities. No less exceptional is the hotel’s easy access to the city’s myriad attractions and landmarks, such as Chavonnes Battery Museum, Cape Town Tourism Information Centre, Clock Tower.

1. Riad Kniza, Morocco

Located in Marrakech (Medina), Riad Kniza is close to Dar el Bacha Palace, Majorelle Garden, and Djemaa el Fna. Also nearby are Ben Youssef Mosque and Almoravid Koubba.
Dining options at this luxury riad include a restaurant and a bar/lounge. The staff can provide concierge services, tour/ticket assistance, and tour assistance. Additional amenities include spa services, a library, and multilingual staff. Guest parking is complimentary.


 

Top 10 campsites in the world

Here we present you ten of the most amazing campsites in the world. This kind of accomodation is more and more popular and everyone should try it at least once. It is and adventure that you will not regret.

10. Le val de cantobre, Aveyron, France

The Grands Causses Regional Park offers some of France’s most amazing panorama, including the Gorges du Tarn. This park campsite, in the grounds of a medieval farm, has a great view to the valley.

9. The Warren, Folkestone, Kent

The place has a tremendous view over the ocean, because it is situated at the top of the well-known white cliffs of Dover. There is also a separated pitch, romantic and ideal for a honeymoon.

8. Longitude 131 °, Central Australia

The beautiful tents in the center of the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park in Australia give you the impression of luxury hotels. It is a very modern area that offers everything necessary while keeping the natural aspect.

7. Syke Farm, Cumbria

Buttermere is one of the most appealing area in the Lakes, and it makes you just lay down, contemplate and admire the scenery. It lies on the edge of the village and it is close to some pubs.

6. Playa Montroig Camping Resort, Tarragona, Spain

Located next to a sandy beach, it is an amazing location, fascinating with its tropical gardens and offers a lot of entertainment possibilities, like puppet shows, performances etc.

5. Cottar’s 1920 S Mara Safari Camp, Kenya

If you want nature and wilderness, you should choose this site. It makes you think of that old times where there was no technology and brings you closer to the human essence of life.

4. Oberoi Vanyavilas, India

Exotism and luxury in a natural environment, really close to a tiger reserve. It sounds like a lot of adrenaline, but it is an unique and amazing experience. There are gardens and even a spa for relaxation.

 

3. Troytown Farm, Isles of Scilly

This place is situated in the remotest part of St Agnes, which is the most remote island of Sicily. In is on the edge of a water and you have to be picked by a tractor in order to go there.


2. Bosworth water trust, Warwickshire

This location is ideal for family trips and there are a lot of available activities lile fishing, windsurfing and sailing. There is plenty of space for playing games and close to a bar.


1. Three Cliffs Bay, Gower

The position of this site is spectacular, because you can see the Gower coastline. The beach is easy to access and it is close to a parking area. An inspiring and relaxing place, ideal for special vacations.

 

Top 10 wildest waterparks in the world

Did you know which are the most appreciated waterparks in the world? Well, people have voted some of them and they have been described as crazy, wild and a great adventure. Think about it next time you visit one.

10. Happy Magic

Beijing’s former Olympic aquatic center known as the Water Cube has been converted to a water park complete with an Aqualoop slide built by Whitewater West. The iconic building from the Summer Games is now festooned with enormous jellyfish and outsized water bubbles descending from the ceiling.

 


9. Area 47

The Austrian outdoor adventure area takes the water park concept to the extreme. Located along a river about 30 miles west of Innsbruck, Area 47 features a tower of water slides that feed into a body of water that can be traversed via rock climbing walls, rope courses and zip lines. Visitors can enter the water either by leaping from a 30-foot-tall diving platform, racing down a steep snowboard ramp or jumping from a rooftop onto an inflated Blobbing tube.


8. Yas Waterworld

The United Arab Emirates water park has an Arabian fantasy theme with a back story that celebrates the region’s pearl diving heritage. The $245 million Abu Dhabi water park features two water coasters, a pair of stationary wave machines, a looping slide, a water dropping suspended roller coaster and a SplashQuest interactive game.


7. Wet n’ wild

Wet n’ Wild Orlando is a great place to beat the Florida heat. The most popular ride, “The Brain Wash,” contains a 53-foot drop into a domed funnel.


6. Noah’s Ark

One of the largest water parks in the U.S., Noah’s Ark covers 70 acres and includes more than 60 waterslides. “Sting Ray,” one of the park’s most popular waterslides, resembles a giant half-pipe.


5. Canevaworld

It’s a park within a park. Canevaworld water park in Italy is nestled within a theme park called Movieland Studios. Even the brave of heart will think twice before plunging down “Stukas,” a 10-story tall water slide that’s almost perpendicular to the ground.

4. Sommarland

This Swedish water park contains plenty of theme park rides alongside its main attractions. Visitors can zoom down log flumes, watch water shows, and even ride airboats.


3. World Water Park

Tired of shopping? World Water Park in Edmonton, Canada is located in the Edmonton Mall. No matter what time of year, this indoor water park is always a pleasant 86 degrees Fahrenheit.


2. Adaland

This water park is truly a Turkish delight. There are more than 20 rides to choose from on the park’s 25 acres, including a tube slide called “Yellow Python” that rotates as riders speed down it.

1. Aquaventure

Guests of the Atlantis Resort in the Bahamas can access this 141-acre water park that contains over twenty million gallons of water. Those with a sense of adventure will appreciate the “Leap of Faith,” a 60-foot slide that propels riders down a replica of a legendary Mayan Temple and through a transparent tunnel in a shark-filled cove.

 

Top 10 best cat breeds in the world

Everyone loves cats. And if you are thinking about a pet, cats are a perfect companion. They are cute, independent and beautiful. They can be sweet and loving, it only depends on how you raise them.
10. American Shorthair

The American Shorthair (ASH) is a breed of domestic cat believed to be descended from European cats brought to North America by early settlers to protect valuable cargo from mice and rats, not a great variety of mixed breeds with short hair. According to the Cat Fancier’s Association, in 2012, it was the 7th most popular breed of cat in the United States.

9. Siamese Cat

The Siamese is one of the first distinctly recognized breeds of Oriental cat. The breed originated in Thailand (formerly known asSiam), where they are one of several native breeds and are called Wichian Mat (a name meaning “moon diamond”). In the 20th century the Siamese cat became one of the most popular breeds in Europe and North America.

8. Bengal Cat

The Bengal is a hybrid breed of domestic cat. Bengals result from crossing a domestic feline with an Asian leopard cat (ALC), Prionailurus bengalensis bengalensis.
The Bengal cat has a desirable “wild” appearance with large spots, rosettes, and a light/white belly, and a body structure reminiscent of the ALC.The Bengal possesses a gentle domestic cat temperament, if separated by at least four generations from the original crossing between a domestic feline and an ALC.

7. Pixie bob

The Pixie-bob is a breed of domestic cat claimed by breed founder Carol Ann Brewer ofWashington state to be the progeny of naturally occurring bobcat hybrids. DNA testing have failed to detect bobcat marker genes and Pixie-bobs are considered wholly domestic for the purposes of ownership, cat fancy registration, import and export.

6. Chartreux
The Chartreux is a rare breed of domestic cat from France and is recognised by a number of registries around the world. It is not recognised by the GCCF in the UK, ostensibly for being too similar to the British Shorthair, one of whose colours is a similar blue-grey. The Chartreux is large and muscular, with relatively short, fine-boned limbs, and very fast reflexes. They are known for their blue (grey) water-resistant short hair double coats which are often slightly nappy in texture (often showing “breaks” like a sheepskin) and orange- or copper-colored eyes.

5. Bombay
Bombay are a breed of domestic shorthaired cats developed by breeding sable Burmese and black American Shorthair cats to produce a cat of mostly Burmese type, but with a sleek, tight black coat.

4. Scottish Fold

The Scottish Fold is a breed of cat with a natural dominant-gene mutation that makes its ear cartilage contain a fold, causing the ears to bend forward and down towards the front of their head, which gives the cat what is often described as an “owl-like” appearance.
Originally called lop-eared or just lops after the lop-eared rabbit, Scottish Fold became the breed’s name in 1966.

3. Ocicat

The Ocicat is an all-domestic breed of cat which resembles a wild cat but has no wildDNA in its gene pool. The breed is unusual in that it is spotted like a wild cat but has the temperament of a domestic animal. It is named for its resemblance to the ocelot. The breed was established from Siamese and Abyssinian stock; later, American Shorthairs(silver tabbies) were added to the mix and gave the breed their silver color, bone structure and distinct markings.

2. Munchkin

The Munchkin is a relatively new breed of cat characterized by its very short legs, which is caused by a naturally occurring genetic mutation. Named after the short-statured characters from The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, the breed was developed in the 1980s in theUnited States. Much controversy erupted over the breed when it was recognized by The International Cat Association in 1995 with critics voicing concern over potential health and mobility issues.

1. Birman

The Birman, also called the “Sacred Cat of Burma”, is a domestic cat breed. It should not be confused with the Burmese, which is a dissimilar breed. The Birman has medium-long hair, a pale colored body with darker points and deep blue eyes. Even though the cat is pointed, the paws have white gloves.

 

 

 

Top 10 most expensive dog breeds in the world

Everyone loves dogs. They are cute, loyal and really playful. Here are some things you might have not known about ten of the most expensive and appreciated dog breeds in the world. They also participate in competitions.

10. German Shepherd

The German Shepherd (aka Alsatian and Alsatian Wolf Dog), is a breed of large-sized dog that originated in Germany. German Shepherds are a relatively new breed of dog, with their origin dating to 1899. As part of the Herding Group, German Shepherds are working dogs developed originally for herding sheep. Since that time, however, because of their strength, intelligence, trainability and obedience, German Shepherds around the world are often the preferred breed for many types of work, including search-and-rescue, police and military roles and even acting.


9. Irish Wolfhound

The Irish Wolfhound is a breed of domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris), specifically a sighthound. The name originates from its purpose (wolf hunting with dogs) rather than from its appearance. The breed was originally developed for use as war hounds as well as hunting and guarding its owners homes but over time it changed roles to become a modern day family pet. Irish Wolfhounds can be an imposing sight due to their formidable size; they are the tallest of all dog breeds.

8. Saluki

The Saluki, also known as the Persian Greyhound and Royal Dog of Egypt is one of the oldest known breeds of domesticated dog. There are petroglyphs and rock arts in Golpaygan and Khomein in central Iran that shows saluki-like hounds and falcons accompanying hunters chasing preys (ca. 8000–10,000 BCE). Also on the potteries found in Susa, Iran (ca. 4200 BCE) are images of saluki-like hounds chasing ibex or lying next to pools.

7. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a small spaniel classed as a toy dog by TheKennel Club. It is one of the most popular breeds in the United Kingdom. Since 2000, it has grown in popularity in the United States. It is a smaller breed of spaniel, and Cavalier adults are often the same size as adolescent dogs of other spaniel breeds. It has a silky, smooth coat and commonly a smooth undocked tail. The breed standard recognizes four colours: Blenheim, Tricolour (black/white/tan), Black and Tan, and Ruby.


6. Pharaoh Hound

The Pharaoh Hound is a breed of dog and the national hound of the Mediterranean nation of Malta. Its native name is Kelb tal-Fenek (plural: Klieb tal-Fenek) in Maltese, which means “Rabbit dog”. The dog is traditionally used by some Maltese men for hunting. Based on DNA analysis, the breed has no link with Ancient Egypt. However, the popular myth holds that the breed is descended from the Tesem, one of the ancient Egyptian hunting dogs.

5. Akita

he Akita is a large spitz breed of dog originating from the mountainous northern regions of Japan. There are two separate varieties of Akita: a Japanese strain, known as the “Akita Inu” or “Japanese Akita”; and an American strain, known as the “Akita” or “American Akita”. The Japanese strain comes in a small choice of colors, with all other colors considered atypical of the breed, while the American strain comes in all dog colors. The Akita has a short double coat, similar to that of many other northern spitz breeds such as the Siberian Husky, but long coated dogs can be found in many litters due to a recessive gene.

4. Tibetan Mastiff

The Tibetan Mastiff is an ancient breed andtype of domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) originating with nomadic cultures of Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Tibet and Central Asia. The Tibetan Mastiff also known as dok-khyi ( translated as “dok-nomad, khi-dog”, “door guard”, “dog which may be tied”, “dog which may be kept”), reflects its use as a guardian of herds, flocks, tents, villages, monasteries, and palaces, much as the old English ban-dog (also meaning tied dog) was a dog tied outside the home as a guardian. However, in nomad camps and in villages, the do-khyi is traditionally allowed to run loose at night.

3. Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is a medium to large size breed of domestic dog. The dogs were known as “Rottweil butchers’ dogs” (German: Rottweiler Metzgerhund) because they were used to herd livestock and pull carts laden with butchered meat and other products to market.
The Rottweiler was employed in its traditional roles until the mid-19th century whenrailways replaced droving for herding livestock to market.

2. Chow Chow

The Chow Chow (sometimes simply Chow) is a type of dog breed originally fromChina, where it is referred to as Songshi Quan , which means “puffy-lion dog”. The Chow Chow is a sturdily built dog, square in profile, with a broad skull and small, triangular, erect ears with rounded tips. The breed is known for a very dense double coatthat is either smooth or rough. The fur is particularly thick in the neck area, giving it a distinctive ruff or mane appearance. The coat may be red, black, blue, cinnamon/fawn, or cream.

1. Samoyed

The Samoyed is a breed of dog that takes its name from the Samoyedic peoples of Siberia. These nomadic reindeer herders bred the fluffy white dogs to help with the herding, and to pull sleds when they moved. An alternate name for the breed, especially in Europe, is Bjelkier. Males typically weigh between 23–30 kilograms (51–66 lb), while females typically weigh 17–25 kilograms (37–55 lb).

Top 10 amazing festivals all over the world

Here we present you ten of the most popular and fascinating festivals all over the world. This events represent their countries and gather people together, so it is a great opportunity to participate to any of the.

10. Chinese New Year

Chinese New Year is an important traditional Chinese holiday. In China, it is also known as the Spring Festival, the literal translation of the modern Chinese name. Chinese New Year celebrations traditionally ran from Chinese New Year’s Eve, the last day of the last month of the Chinese calendar, to the Lantern Festival on the 15th day of the first month, making the festival the longest in the Chinese calendar. Because the Chinese calendar is lunisolar, the Chinese New Year is often referred to as the “Lunar New Year”.

9. Holi Festival, India

Every year, thousands of Hindus participate in the festival Holi. The festival has many purposes. First and foremost, it celebrates the beginning of the new season, spring. Originally, it was a festival that commemorated good harvests and the fertile land. Hindus believe it is a time of enjoying spring’s abundant colours and saying farewell to winter. It also has a religious purpose, commemorating events present in Hinduism. During this event, participants hold a bonfire, throw coloured powder at each other, and celebrate wildly.

8. The Carnival of Rio de Janeiro

The Carnaval in Rio de Janeiro is a world famous festival held before Lent every year and considered the biggest carnival in the world with two million people per day on the streets. The first festivals of Rio date back to 1823. The typical Rio carnival parade is filled with revelers, floats and adornments from numerous samba schools which are located in Rio. A samba school is composed of a collaboration of local neighbours that want to attend carnival together, with some kind of regional, geographical common background.

7. Pingxi Lantern Festival, Taiwan

There are many activities all over Taiwan during Taiwan Lantern Festival. During the Taiwan Lantern Festival, thousands of sky lanterns light over Pingxi District in Taiwan. In Yanshui District, the firecrackers ceremony of Wumiao Temple is also one of the important activities. The Tainan Yanshui Fireworks Display (“beehive of fireworks”) was originally celebrated to ward of evil and disease from the town. The Taipei Pingshi Sky Lanterns were released originally to let others know that the town was safe. These lanterns are decorated with wishes and images relating to the owner.

6. Carnival of Venice, Italy

The Carnival of Venice is an annual festival, held in Venice, Italy. The Carnival ends with Lent, forty days before Easter on Shrove Tuesday (Fat Tuesday or Martedì Grasso), the day before Ash Wednesday. It is said that the Carnival of Venice was started from a victory of the “Serenissima Repubblica” against the Patriarch of Aquileia, Ulrico in the year 1162. In the honor of this victory, the people started to dance and make reunions in San Marco Square. Apparently, this festival started on that period and became official in the Renaissance. However, under the rule of the King of Austria, the festival was outlawed entirely in 1797 and the use of masks became strictly forbidden.

5. Desert Festival of Jeisalmer, India

Jaisalmer , nicknamed “The Golden city”, is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located 575 kilometres (357 mi) west of the state capital Jaipur. It was once known as Jaisalmer state. The town stands on a ridge of yellowish sandstone, crowned by a fort, which contains the palace and several ornate Jain temples. Many of the houses and temples are finely sculptured. It lies in the heart of the Thar Desert (great Indian desert) and has a population of about 78,000. It is the administrative headquarters of Jaisalmer District.

4. Songkran Water Festival, Thailand

The Songkran festival is celebrated in Thailandas the traditional New Year’s Day from 13 to 15 April. It coincides with the New Year of many calendars of South and Southeast Asia.
The date of the festival was originally set by astrological calculation, but it is now fixed. If these days fall on a weekend, the missed days off are taken on the weekdays immediately following. Songkran falls in the hottest time of the year in Thailand, at the end of the dry season, so people throw water at each other and play.

3. San Firmin Festival, Spain

The festival of San Fermín in the city of Pamplona (Navarre, Spain), is a deeply rooted celebration held annually from 12:00, 6 July, when the opening of the party is marked by setting off the pyrotechnicchupinazo, to midnight 14 July, with the singing of the Pobre de Mí. While its most famous event is the encierro, or the running of the bulls, which happens at 8:00 am from July 7th to July 14th, the week long celebration involves many other traditional and folkloric events. It is known locally as Sanfermines and is held in honor of Saint Fermin, the co-patron of Navarre.

2. Obon Festival, Japan

Obon or just Bon is a Japanese Buddhist custom to honor the spirits of one’s ancestors. This Buddhist-Confucian custom has evolved into a family reunion holiday during which people return to ancestral family places and visit and clean their ancestors’ graves, and when the spirits of ancestors are supposed to revisit the household altars. It has been celebrated in Japan for more than 500 years and traditionally includes a dance, known as Bon-Odori.

1. Dia De Los Muertos, Mexico

Day of the Dead (Spanish: Día de Muertos) is a Mexican holiday celebrated throughout Mexico and around the world in other cultures. The holiday focuses on gatherings of family and friends to pray for and remember friends and family members who have died. It is particularly celebrated in Mexico, where it is a national holiday, and all banks are closed. The celebration takes place on November 1 and 2, in connection with the Catholic holidays of All Saints’ Day and All Souls’ Day. Traditions connected with the holiday include building private altars honoring the deceased using sugar skulls, marigolds, and the favorite foods and beverages of the departed and visiting graves with these as gifts. They also leave possessions of the deceased.

 

 

 

 

Top 10 most popular toys in the world

If you have to make a present to a kid, it shouldn’t be that hard. All children love toys and now you know which are the ten most popular and appreciated toys in the world. They will definitely love any of them.
10. Barbie doll

Barbie is a fashion doll manufactured by the American toy-company Mattel, Inc. and launched in March 1959. American businesswoman Ruth Handler is credited with the creation of the doll using a German doll called Bild Lilli as her inspiration.
Barbie is the figurehead of a brand of Mattel dolls and accessories, including other family members and collectible dolls.


9. Puzzle

A puzzle is a problem or enigma that tests the ingenuity of the solver. In a basic puzzle, one is intended to put together pieces in a logical way in order to come up with the desired solution. Puzzles are often contrived as a form of entertainment, but they can also stem from serious mathematical or logistical problems — in such cases, their successful resolution can be a significant contribution to mathematical research.

 

8. Lego

Lego is a popular line of construction toys manufactured by The Lego Group, a privately held company based in Billund, Denmark. The company’s flagship product, Lego, consists of colourful interlocking plastic bricks and an accompanying array of gears, minifigures and various other parts. Lego bricks can be assembled and connected in many ways, to construct such objects as vehicles, buildings, and even working robots. Anything constructed can then be taken apart again, and the pieces used to make other objects. Lego began manufacturing interlocking toy bricks in 1949.

 

7. Teddy bear

The teddy bear is a soft toy in the form of a bear. Developed apparently simultaneously by toymakers Morris Michtom in the US and Richard Steiff in Germany in the early years of the 20th century, and named after President Theodore “T.R.” Roosevelt, Jr., the teddy bear became an iconic children’s toy, celebrated in story, song and film.[1] Since the creation of the first teddy bears which sought to imitate the form of real bear cubs, “teddies” have greatly varied in form, style and material.

6. Toy train

A toy train is a toy that represents a train. It is distinguished from a model train by an emphasis on low cost and durability, rather than scale modeling. A toy train can be as simple as a pull toy that does not even run on track, or it might be operated by clockwork or a battery. Many toy trains blur the line between the two categories, running on electric power and approaching accurate scale.


5. Baby Born Doll

Baby Born is often considered to be the most lifelike of the series due to the numerous functions that the doll can perform which include Crying, Urinating and a pacifier which makes the dolls eyes shut in later versions, all of which can be performed without batteries making them safe to bathe. The most recent version includes 9 Functions and 10 accessories including a musical potty chair and designer bottle. Varieties include boy, girl and ethnic girl, each anatomically correct and having their own color style.


4. Robot toy

Mr. Machine is a once popular children’s mechanical toy originally manufactured by the Ideal Toy Company in 1960. Mr. Machine was a robot-like mechanical man wearing a top hat. The body had a giant windup key at the back. When the toy was wound up it would “walk”, swinging its arms and repeatedly ringing a bell mounted on its front; and after every few steps emit a mechanical “Ah!”, as if it were speaking. The toy stood about 18 inches tall (roughly 46 cm).

 

3. Toy car

A model car or toy car is a miniature representation of an automobile. Other miniature motor vehicles, such as trucks, buses, or even ATVs, etc. are often included in the general category of model cars. Because many miniature vehicles were originally sold as playthings, there is no precise difference between a model car and a toy car, yet the word ‘model’ implies either assembly required or some attempt at accurate rendering of an actual vehicle at smaller scale.


2. Monopoly

Monopoly is an American-originated board game originally published by Parker Brothers. Subtitled “The Fast-Dealing Property Trading Game,” the game is named after the economic concept of monopoly — the domination of a market by a single entity. It is currently published by the United States game and toy company Hasbro. Players move around the game board buying or trading properties, developing their properties with houses and hotels, and collecting rent from their opponents, the ultimate goal being to drive them into bankruptcy.


1. Rubik’s cube

Rubik’s Cube is a 3-D combination puzzle invented in 1974 by Hungarian sculptor and professor of architecture Ernő Rubik. Originally called the “Magic Cube”, the puzzle was licensed by Rubik to be sold by Ideal Toy Corp. in 1980 via German businessman Tibor Laczi and Seven Towns founder Tom Kremer, and won the German Game of the Yearspecial award for Best Puzzle that year. As of January 2009, 350 million cubes had been sold worldwide making it the world’s top-selling puzzle game. It is widely considered to be the world’s best-selling toy.

 

Top 10 most beautiful fish in the world

Nature is the greatest artist. It created beautiful plants and animals, and here are ten of the most beautiful fish in the world. Many of them are protected species, so it would be more than expensive to have them.

10. Clown Trigger Fish

Clown triggerfish (Balistoides conspicillum), also known as the bigspotted triggerfish, are demersal marine fish belonging to the family Balistidae, or commonly called triggerfish. The clown triggerfish is a small sized fish which grows up to 50 cm. Its body has a stock appearance, oval shape and compressed laterally. The head is large and represents approximately one third of the body length. The mouth is small, terminal and has strong teeth.

 

9. Symphysodon

Symphysodon discus, the Red discus, is a species of cichlid native to the Amazon Basin. This species grows to a length of 12.3 centimetres (4.8 in) SL. This species can also be found in the aquarium trade.

8. The rainbow parrotfish

The rainbow parrotfish (Scarus guacamaia) is a species of fish in the Scaridae family. Among the largest members of this family (the largest in the Atlantic), it reaches 1.2 metres (3.9 ft) in length. It is found at coral reefs, mangroves and sea grass beds in the Caribbeanand at Bermuda.

7. Mantis Shrimp

Mantis shrimp or stomatopods are marine crustaceans, the members of theorder Stomatopoda. They may reach 30 centimetres (12 in) in length, in exceptional cases up to 38 cm (15 in) has been recorded. The carapace of mantis shrimp covers only the rear part of the head and the first four segments of the thorax. Mantis shrimp appear in a variety of colours, from shades of browns to bright neon colours.

6. Moorish Idol

The Moorish idol, Zanclus cornutus (“crowned scythe”), is a small marine fish species, thesole extant representative of the family Zanclidae (from the Greek ζαγκίος, zagkios, “oblique”) in order Perciform. A common inhabitant of tropical to subtropical reefs and lagoons, the Moorish idol is notable for its wide distribution throughout the Indo-Pacific.


5. The Nudibranch

A nudibranch is a member of Nudibranchia, a group of soft-bodied,marine gastropod mollusks which shed their shell after their larval stage. They are noted for their often extraordinary colors and striking forms. There are more than 3,000 described species of nudibranchs.

4. The Lionfish

Pterois, commonly known as lionfish, is a genus of venomous marine fish found mostly in the Indo-Pacific. Pterois is characterized by conspicuous warning coloration with red, white, creamy, or black bands, showy pectoral fins and venomous spiky fin rays.[1][2] Pterois are classified into a number of different species, but Pterois radiata, Pterois volitans and Pterois miles are the most commonly studied.

3. The Clownfish

Clownfish or anemonefish are fishes from the subfamily Amphiprioninae in the family Pomacentridae. Thirty species are recognized, one in the genus Premnas, while the remaining are in the genus Amphiprion. In the wild they all form symbioticmutualisms with sea anemones. Depending on species, clownfish are overall yellow, orange, or a reddish or blackish color, and many show white bars or patches.

2. Juvenile Emperor Angelfish

Juveniles are dark blue with electric blue and white rings; adults have yellow and blue stripes, with black around the eyes. It takes about 24 to 30 months for an emperor angelfish to acquire its adult coloring. They grow to 40 cm (15.75 in) in length.

1. Mandarin Fish

The Mandarinfish or Mandarin dragonet (Synchiropus splendidus), is a small, brightly colored member of the dragonet family, which is popular in the saltwateraquarium trade. The mandarinfish is native to the Pacific, ranging approximately from the Ryukyu Islands south to Australia.

 

 

Top 10 most amazing churches on Earth

Find out more about some of the most beautiful churches in the world, so when you have the chance to visit them, you will know something about them. They represent the culture, history and spirituality of their countries.

10. Note Dame de Paris

Notre-Dame de Paris ( French for “Our Lady of Paris”), also known as Notre-Dame Cathedral or simply Notre-Dame, is an historic Roman Rite Catholic Marian cathedral on the eastern half of the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris, France.[2] The cathedral is widely considered to be one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture and among the largest and most well-known church buildings in the world. Thenaturalism of its sculptures and stained glass are in contrast with earlierRomanesque architecture.


9. Las Lajas Sanctuary

Las Lajas Sanctuary is a basilica churchlocated in the southern Colombian Department of Nariño, municipality of Ipialesand built inside the canyon of the Guáitara River.
The present church was built in Gothic Revival style between 1916 and 1949. The name Laja comes from the name of a type of flat sedimentary rock similar toshale.

8. Hallgrimskirkja Cathedral

Hallgrímskirkja ( church of Hallgrímur) is a Lutheran(Church of Iceland) parish church in Reykjavík, Iceland. At 74.5 metres (244 ft), it is the largest church in Iceland and the sixth tallest architectural structure in Iceland after Longwave radio mast Hellissandur, the radio masts of US Navy at Grindavík, Eiðar longwave transmitter andSmáratorg tower. The church is named after the Icelandic poet and clergyman Hallgrímur Pétursson (1614 to 1674), author of the Passion Hymns.

7. Faisal Mosque

The Faisal Mosque is the largest mosque in Pakistan, located in the national capital city of Islamabad. Completed in 1986, it was designed by Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay to be shaped like a desert Bedouin’s tent.
It is situated at the north end of Faisal Avenue, putting it at the northernmost end of the city and at the foot of Margalla Hills, the westernmost foothills of the Himalayas. It is located on an elevated area of land against a picturesque backdrop of the Margalla Hills. This enviable location represents the mosque’s great importance and allows it to be seen from miles around day and night.

6. Al Fateh Mosque

The Al-Fateh Mosque (also known as Al-Fateh Islamic Center & Al Fateh Grand Mosque) is one of the largest mosques in the world, encompassing 6,500 square meters and having the capacity to accommodate over 7,000 worshippers at a time. The mosque was built by the late Sheikh Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifa in 1987 and was named afterAhmed Al Fateh, the conqueror of Bahrain. In 2006, Al-Fateh became the site of the National Library of Bahrain.


5. Crystal Mosque

The Crystal Mosque or Masjid Kristal is a mosque in Kuala Terengganu,Terengganu, Malaysia. A grand structure made of steel, glass and crystal. The mosque is located at Islamic Heritage Park on the island of Wan Man. The mosque was constructed between 2006 and 2008. It was officially opened on 8 February 2008 by 13th Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin ofTerengganu. It has the capacity to accommodate over 1,500 worshipers at a time. This is one of the most beautiful mosques in the world.


4. Sagrada Familia

The Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família (English:Basilica and Expiatory Church of the Holy Family ), commonly known as the Sagrada Família , is a large Roman Catholic church in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, designed by Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí (1852–1926). Although incomplete, the church is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and in November 2010Pope Benedict XVI consecrated and proclaimed it a minor basilica, as distinct from a cathedral which must be the seat of a bishop.


3. Segovia Cathedral

Segovia Cathedral is a Roman Catholic religious church in Segovia, Spain. It is located in the main square of the city, the Plaza Mayor, and is dedicated to the Virgin Mary. The massive cathedral was built between 1525-1577 in a late Gothic style, an architectural style that was becoming retardataire elsewhere in Europe. The prior cathedral of Segovia had stood adjacent to the Alcazar, and had been used by the besieged royal armies in their defense.


2. St. Peter’s Basilica

St. Peter’s Basilica is a Late Renaissance church located within Vatican City.
Designed principally by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Madernoand Gian Lorenzo Bernini, St. Peter’s is the most renowned work of Renaissance architecture and remains one of the largest churches in the world. While it is neither the mother church of the Roman Catholic Church nor the cathedral of the Bishop of Rome, St. Peter’s is regarded as one of the holiest Catholic sites. It has been described as “holding a unique position in the Christian world” and as “the greatest of all churches of Christendom”.


1. St. Basil’s Cathedral

The Cathedral of the Protection of Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat or Pokrovsky Cathedral are official names for a Russian Orthodox church in Red Square in Moscow.The church is also called the Cathedral of St. Vasily the Blessed (Russian: Собор Василия Блаженного), anglicized as Saint Basil’s Cathedral. It was built from 1555–61 on orders from Ivan the Terrible and commemorates the capture of Kazan and Astrakhan.